Monday, May 25, 2020
Just as phase one of industrialization stumbled into self-made depression and crisis, so phase two bred its own difficulties. The years between 1873 and 1896 are known to economic historians, who have discussed them more eagerly than any other phase of nineteenth-century business conjecture, as the Great Depression. (Hobsbawm 1999). Just as phase one of industrialization stumbled into self-made depression and crisis, so phase two bred its own difficulties. The years between 1873 and 1896 are known to economic historians, who have discussed them more eagerly than any other phase of nineteenth-century business conjecture, as the Great Depression. (Hobsbawm 1999). This deceleration of the economy could be attributed to the early pioneering of new and untried technology (Hudson 2001). As according to Hudson, Britain had become the workshop of the world from which its competitors had learned through its various mistakes. As competitors grew stronger and they enter the markets of the empires and caused destabilization through price wars, the British economy had slipped into Weakening of the UK due to wars. The success of the UK in the 19th century was followed by the weakening of the empire s force due to the two World Wards that it was involved. We will write a custom essay sample on History of England in the 19th and Early 20th Century or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/page They, as well as people with special skills that were greatly rewarded such as engineering, comprised the growing middle class in the UK during the 19th and early 20th century. Increased demand resulted from rising incomes particularly for the middle classes and for workers with particular skills such as engineering (Hudson 2001).
Friday, May 15, 2020
In modern medicine, we have the ability to transplant organs from one person to another, with the hopes that this will greatly improve the length and quality of life for the patient receiving the transplant. Ten years ago, there were 53,167 people on the transplant list. By the beginning of 2015, the list increased to over 123,000 people waiting for that miracle call stating that they found a match and the transplant can now happen. One reason for the increase in people on the list is that people in the age group between 50-70 years old are now considered to be viable candidates for transplant due to medical advances. However, by December, 2014, twenty-one people were dying each day while waiting for a transplant. (Benjamin Samstein,Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦There is even a possibility of creating embryonic stem cells from the patient by cloning their own cells. (Perry) A person, who has trashed their body with alcoholism and required a transplant, should not be eligible for a second transplant if they again were abusing alcohol. Especially over a person, to no fault of their own, is battling a liver disease. In an article from the Canadian Medical Association Journal by E. Kluge, he states that Ã¢â¬Å"people who engage in poor lifestyle choices are behaving irresponsibly and could have prevented their illness and are, in essence, increasing the need for organs and depriving people who have no control over their need of necessary treatment.Ã¢â¬ (Kluge, 2004) People suffering from psychosis, dementia, Down Syndrome, malignant cancers, and continuing substance or not eligible for transplants, active alcoholics are not eligible because of their unhealthy lifestyle would only result in the failure of the new liver. Based on long term studies of alcoholism, remissions and relapses, there are factors that indicate favorable outcomes. If the patient is involved in activities to take the place of the drinking, being in a caring long-term relationship and having a positive self esteem will help with sobriety. If at least two of these factors are present, the patient is more likely to remain abstinent for three years or more. (Abhinandana Anantharaju) When a doctor is faced with whether or not toShow MoreRelated_x000C_Introduction to Statistics and Data Analysis355457 Words Ã |Ã 1422 PagesCongress Control Number: 2006933904 Student Edition: ISBN-13: 978-0-495-11873-2 ISBN-10: 0-495-11873-7 Ã¢â" To my nephews, Jesse and Luke Smidt, who bet I wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t put their names in this book. R. P. Ã¢â" To my wife, Sally, and my daughter, Anna C. O. Ã¢â" To Carol, Allie, and Teri. J. D. Ã¢â" About the Authors puter Teacher of the Year award in 1988 and received the Siemens Award for Advanced Placement in mathematics in 1999. Chris is a frequent contributor to the AP Statistics ElectronicRead MoreLogical Reasoning189930 Words Ã |Ã 760 Pagesorganization is sound and the author does a superior job of presenting the structure of arguments. David M. Adams, California State Polytechnic University These examples work quite well. Their diversity, literacy, ethnic sensitivity, and relevancy should attract readers. Stanley Baronett. Jr., University of Nevada Las Vegas Far too many authors of contemporary texts in informal logic Ã¢â¬â keeping an eye on the sorts of arguments found in books on formal logic Ã¢â¬â forget, or underplay, how much of
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
The film Ã¢â¬Å"Of Mice and MenÃ¢â¬ was a fantastic transformation of the Steinbeck novel that has many different intricacies that can only be viewed in a movie. Gary Sinise is the director of the movie and also plays the role of George. This movie was made in 1992, and for a fairly old movie, Sinise adapts this classic novel with great exploration of characters. I feel that the movie is at a much higher level in entertainment than the book it was derived from. Though I believe Steinbeck does an outstanding job in the novel to set the readerÃ¢â¬â¢s imagination on many aspects such as the time period, what George and Lennie look like, and how other characters interact with George and Lennie, I found that Sinise does an unbelievable job at visuallyÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦It seems to take place in the southern part of the United States, because of the increased ethnic tensions we see in the movie. For example there is Crooks, who is isolated from everyone else because of the color of his skin. Also, the clothing worn by the actors was very true to the time frame. The audience can actually feel that they are back in that time period by watching this movie. The clothing worn by Lennie and George showed that they were not well off, as were the majority of the population during the Great Depression. In the movie, the actors were very good. In scenes the audience would get emotional. An example is when Carlson shoots Candys old dog, and Candy lies down on the bed and tosses and turns in pain. In the movie, I actually felt sympathetic for Curleys wife since she seemed to always be the victim. This is something I had not felt in the book. Also, the very last scene when George shoots Lennie and then he starts to cry. In many ways the movie is very similar to the book. Right from the beginning of the movie you can see that Lennie has a mental illness, and George is taking care of him like a father. Also, you can tell that George gets impatient with Lennie numerous times and that he gets frustrated very easily. The characters speeches were very strong in language, just like the speeches were in the novel. The characters in the movie are almost exactly like their book counterparts. Lennie is very big andShow MoreRelatedOf Mice and Men1242 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesOf Mice and Men Thomas Hobbes in his Leviathan states that, in the state of nature mans life is nasty, brutish and short. In depression era America, no greater truth could be said. There were millions unemployed, largely unskilled and living on the margins of society. The lowest of the low were the migrant labourers travelling from place to place trying to scratch a living. They often had to travel illegally by freight car with all its consequent dangers. Their life expectancy was low, crimeRead MoreOf Mice and Men961 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesPeople have a tendency to lose sight of their goals and dreams. Mentally, people struggle to maintain their sanity in this game of life that has no set of rules. In the book Of Mice and Men, this story portrays the inequality between peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s dreams and what can actually be accomplished. John Steinbeck, the author Of Mice and Men, utilizes his general themes of friendship and loneliness, through his deep characterization and connection between characters i n order to illustrate Ã¢â¬Å"The American dream.Ã¢â¬ TheRead MoreOf Mice and Men1352 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesOf Mice and Men Essay - Fate or Choice? Choice is defined by the Ã¢â¬ËShorter Oxford DictionaryÃ¢â¬â¢ as; Ã¢â¬Å"The act of choosing; preferential determination between things proposed.Ã¢â¬ It also states the definition for fate; Ã¢â¬Å"The principle, power, or agency by which events are unalterably predetermined from eternity.Ã¢â¬ Is our life choice, can we determine our fate by choosing our path or is our destiny determined for us? John Steinbeck puts forward this question in his novella Of Mice and MenRead MoreMice and men1998 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesHey this essay is about me not having one and just wanting a free account.GCSE JOHN STEINBECK The first 200 words of this essay... Ã ¯Ã »Ã ¿Of Mice and Men Essay Ã ¢Of Mice and MenÃ ¢ is the fictional short novel written by John Steinbeck in 1937. SteinbeckÃ ¢s perspective when writing the novel could be based on the fact that he had once worked on a ranch and had a certain fascination about it. The novel is set in 1930s America and this can be seen as the cause of the very enduring culmination that takesRead MoreOf Mice and Men1006 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesheart of every novel.Ã¢â¬ In your view, what are the distinctive ideas explored in Of Mice and Men? Explain how these ideas are developed throughout the novel. Themes are integral and fundamental aspects which render the literature valuable. They usually provide insight into the authorÃ¢â¬â¢s perception and internalisations of the world in which they live. Set in California during the Great Depression, Of Mice and Men, by Steinbeck, illustrates the hardships experienced by individuals as they roamed theRead MoreOF MICE AND MEN1721 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesÃ¯ » ¿In the book Of Mice and Men, the single women that appeared in the book resented herself as an object. The statement Women today are more often treated by men as equals rather than objects can be true or false. A man that goes to Gentleman s Cubs every night is a different man that studies at Harvard Law School. A striper is going to be a different person than a CEO of a successful business. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s all about how you present yourself. In Of Mice and Men, Curley s wife presents herself in a seductiveRead MoreOf Mice and Men1035 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesFriendship of George and Lenny The book Of Mice and Men focuses on the friendship of two migrant workers in California at a time when most of the work was done by people and not by machines.Ã Ã George was a small man who acted worldly and wise.Ã Ã Lennie was a huge man that had the mind of a child.Ã Ã Together George and Lennie would bounce from job to job with no money in their pockets and only the dream of someday owning a place of their own to keep them going.Ã Ã The two men were not able to stay in one placeRead MoreOf Mice and Men547 Words Ã |Ã 2 PagesJohn SteinbeckÃ¢â¬â¢s landmark novel Of Mice and Men is perhaps best known for its revolutionary telling of two characters that are very different, but have come to rely on each other to survive during the Great Depression. The two characters are men named George and Lenny. George is somewhat of an average fellow who has no real special skills or attributes. Lenny is large and abnormally strong, but unfortunately has the mind of a child. Le nnie looks up to George as if he were a role model. This statementRead MoreMice and Men822 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"Of Mice and MenÃ¢â¬ The Great Depression took place in the United States in the 1930s. Northern California, Salinas Valley was affected by the Great Depression. Many farmers lost their properties and were forced to find other work. Banks were forced to foreclose on mortgagesÃ¢â¬â¢ and had to collect debts. Hundreds of thousands of farmers packed up their families and few belongings, and headed for California. The Great Depression left many people in poverty and caused them to face unpleasant eventsRead MoreOf Mice and Men1171 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesOf Mice and Men by John Steinbeck Q- Ã¢â¬Å"I never seen no piece of jail bait worse than herÃ¢â¬ what is the reader supposed to think about CurleyÃ¢â¬â¢s wife? * How is she described by the other characters? * How the author describes her * How she speaks/behaves * Her dreams * Is she the cause of all the trouble Written By Ruqayyah Draey CurleyÃ¢â¬â¢s wife is not well described and respected by the other characters. She is often looked down upon and discriminated
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Questions: 1. Write about the importance of Leadership nowadays by providing the real life example such as Apple.2. Discuss about the Leadership Theories supported by journal articles. In details, discuss about the "Trait Approach", "Behavioral Approach", "Contingency Approach".3. Discuss about different types of Leadership. In details, discuss about the "Charismatic Leadership", "Transformational Leadership", and "Transactional Leadership". Answers: Leadership is the process of influencing the behavior, thoughts, and attitudes of others in the process of setting direction to help others to rise to the challenges to what lies ahead. Leaders thus see the potential in an individual, encourage, and inspire them to greater heights of their responsibilities (Belias Koustelios 2015, p. 103). A good leader should thus lead by example as poor leadership tends to degenerate to conflicts as every individual sees things differently and will tend to lean towards different solutions. Leadership is thus important as it helps everything work together for the good of both the employees and the organization (Zydziunaite, Lepaite Suominen 2013, p. 231). Leaders have the responsibility of training the staff as well as monitoring their progress and completion of responsibilities as he garners enthusiasm for the organization and brings the best out of the employees. The objectives can thus be achieved only if the employees feel supported and safe in their working environment. Leadership is thus important in the following aspects; Helps followers to fulfill their needs In the process of establishing a personal relationship with the followers, a leader helps individual in fulfilling their needs. For example, Belias and Koustelios (2015, p. 106) suggests that an individual will only be considered as a leader and will be followed by particular people if they feel the individual is beneficial to them in certain ways. For instance, the leadership of Apple Company is effective as it provides the employees with the security they need to access opportunities that will enable them earn wealth and give them the right to work. The employees of the organization hence see their leaders as people who meet such needs for them and hence they willingly accept their motivate skills that enables them to work with enthusiasm and dedication. Introduces the required changes in an organization Kereem (2016, p. 10) suggests that with the rapid change in the current business environment, organizations tend to introduce many changes in the organization so as to cope up with the ever-increasing competition. For instance, Apple Company adopts ever changing innovation skills in the mobile and technological industry. The leadership thus readily influences individuals to make relevant changes so as to be able to effectively compete with other organizations in the market. Any opposition to such changes will thus be eliminated depending on the strength and leadership ability of the organizations management. Essential for effective conflict resolution Depending on the weight of the influence of leadership, conflicts between the employees or even the employer and the employees can be solved effectively. Effective leadership in an organization thus allows the employees to express their views, understands the nature of the presented conflict and provides a timely solution thus minimizing possible adverse results that may arise due to the conflict (Zydziunaite, Lepaite Suominen 2013, p. 229). Development and training of the subordinates Effective leadership in an organization will ensure the employees are regularly given the relevant training from time to time so as to develop their performance skills in the particular areas of their performance. For instance, Vrontis and Iain (2013, P. 300) reports that the success of Coca-Cola Company is as a result of effective leadership of the organization. The leadership ensures that the employees are equipped with the relevant information on the modern working techniques such as new methods of marketing, distribution, and product advertisement. The organization has thus currently adopted technology which has seen the company maintain a record of success as one of the best soft drinks company globally. Such development steps when effectively adopted enables organizations to equip their employees to be good leaders as well. Influences the behavior of individuals Effective leadership brings the subordinates into control and motivates them to put their best effort in achieving the goals and objectives of the organization so as to achieve effective results (Belias Koustelios 2015, p. 110 and Shao 2016, p. 133). From both Apple and Coca-Cola Companies, it is evidenced that leading by example creates cohesiveness in an organization thus making the staff be more engaged with trust and respect to the leadership Question two: Theories of leadership Trait approach Trait theory believes that people are either made or born with particular qualities that support them to excel in leadership roles. Qualities such as creativity, intelligence, sense or responsibility, and self-control among other good characters contribute to good leadership qualities in an individual. As a result, trait approach focuses on the analysis of social, mental, and physical characteristics so as to gain more understanding of the combination of characteristics or traits found among leaders. However, Walker and Aritz (2016, p. 460) note that many studies tend to focus on low-level managers as other studies to do clearly explain the relation between the impact on leadership and each characteristic. Therefore, studies on the trait leadership approach tend to focus less on the context of qualities of leadership in different organizations. Behavioral approaches The behavioral leadership approach focuses on the leadership behavior as opposed to their mental, social, and physical characteristics. Here, with psychometric evolution, studies such as Belias Koustelios (2015, p. 110) and Shao (2016, p. 133) measure the cause as well as the effect of the relationship of particular human behavior from leaders. The two reviews focus on the questions such as do leadership involves dictation of what needs to be accomplished or does it involve other employees in the decision-making so as to encourage support and acceptance? The results of the review report three different types of leaders depending on their behavior i.e. autocratic, democratic, and laissez-faire leaders. On the other hand, Solaja, Idowu and James (2016, p. 100) in their study evaluate the behavioral patterns observed in successful leaders. For example, a leader who motivates the desired behaviors on employees by scolding the individuals that arrive late at work and show appreciation as well to the employees that arrive at work on time. The behavioral theory thus focuses on the behavior of a leader in the process of delegating their roles and duties within an organization (Kareem 2016, p. 10). Contingency approach According to Monzani, Ripoll, and Peir (2015, p. 449), contingency approach argues that there is no particular way of leading as every leadership style is based on particular situations. According to the theory, the environment has a great influence on the performance of leaders as some people can perform best under certain conditions and still perform worst under certain circumstances. At some point, Lili (2013, p. 420) notes that contingency theory is related to trait theory as the environment or situation in which a leader exercises their role is dependent on their human trait. The same idea is supported by Azar and Asiabar (2015, p. 4) who in their studies conclude that contingency theory thus focuses on predicting the best leadership style that can be adopted for particular circumstances. Therefore, contingency theory has no set of traits or psychological profile that has a direct link with leadership (Martin 2015, p. 235). However, it is the interaction between the individual traits and the prevailing conditions that lead to the creation of effective leadership. Fielders model of contingency leadership thus focuses on the situation and the interaction of the leadership style in relation to the authority of leadership and the structured aspects of the tasks to be achieved (Zydziunaite, Lepaite Suominen 2013, p. 237). Question Three: Different types of leaderships Leadership plays a major role in the successful performance of an organization as every organization is created with a purpose to achieve particular objectives. As a result, effective leadership is essential in ensuring the organization coordinates its activities so as to achieve the set goals and objectives. Good leadership is hence the backbone to the success of any organization as the performance of the workforce is solely dependent on direction and motivation from the leadership (Walker, Aritz 2015, p. 458). Therefore, there are different types of leadership styles that can be experienced in a workplace each of which has its advantages and disadvantages. The types of leadership styles adopted are dependent on the goals and culture of the organization as well as the task to be completed (Solaja, Idowu James 2016, p. 101). These include transactional, charismatic, transformational, participative, and autocratic types of leadership. Transactional Transactional type of leadership is where the leader allocates the task to be performed by those under him and finally give rewards or punishments based on the results of performance. The team members and the managers together set predetermined goals which the employees agree to follow under the direction of the leadership to accomplish the goals (Martin 2016, p. 335 and Tristan 2016, p. 24). On the other hand, Lili (2013, p. 442) notes that transactional manager has the power of reviewing the results as well as the training and correcting the team members or employees in case they fail to meet the set objectives and goals. The employees are given rewards such as promotions, bonuses, payment increase when they accomplish the goals. Transformational According to Arnold et al., 2015 (p. 485) transformational leadership is dependent on the high level of communication from the leadership or management on guidance and instructions of meeting the goals and objectives of the organization. Tristan (2016, p. 25) also notes that such leadership enhances efficiency and productivity by motivating employees through high visibility and communication as the style involves the management in order to meet the goals of the organization. Leaders tend to delegate smaller tasks to the team in accomplishing the goals of the organization as they focus on the big picture of the organization. Charismatic According to Kareem (2016, p. 10), charismatic type of leadership involves the creation of a powerful self-image depending on the level of his charm and persuasiveness. For example, a business leader having charismatic leadership skills can be enlisted to launch a new product line or orchestrate a turnaround. Charismatic type of leadership is thus driven by the commitment and conviction of the leader towards achieving their cause (Arnold et al., 2015, p. 453). They tend to use powerful oratory with an engaging personality as well as a unweaving commitment toward a positive change in the organization. The charisma in leadership tends to be identified during the crisis as the leaders as seen to exhibit a unique or exceptional devotion and expertise in different facets of positive change and development (Monzani, Ripoll, Peir 2015, p. 450). Participative It is also known to be the democratic leadership style where the leaders give high priority to the input of the members as he has the responsibility for final decision making. Monzani, Ripoll, and Peir (2015, p. 450) note that involving the employees in decision-making processes boosts the morale of the employees and makes them feel that their opinion also matters in the organization. In the case of the need of making changes, participative leadership enables the employees to easily accept changes as they play a role in the changes (Tristan 2016, p. 28). List of references Arnold, K, Connelly, C, Walsh, M, Martin Ginis, K 2015, 'Leadership styles, emotion regulation, and burnout',Journal Of Occupational Health Psychology, 20, 4, pp. 481-490, PsycARTICLES, EBSCOhost, viewed 13 June 2016 Azar, F, Asiabar, A 2015, 'Does leadership effectiveness correlates with leadership styles in healthcare executives of Iran University of Medical Sciences',Medical Journal Of The Islamic Republic Of Iran, 29, pp. 1-5, Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost, viewed 13 June 2016. Belias, D, Koustelios, A 2015, 'Leadership Style, Job Satisfaction and Organizational Culture in the Greek Banking Organization',Journal Of Management Research (09725814), 15, 2, pp. 101-110, Business Source Premier, EBSCOhost, viewed 13 June 2016. Kareem, J 2016, 'The Influence of Leadership in Building a Learning Organization',IUP Journal Of Organizational Behavior, 15, 1, pp. 7-18, Business Source Premier, EBSCOhost, viewed 13 June 2016 Lili, B 2013, 'Leadership styles of entrepreneurial women in eastern china: characteristics and differences',Social Behavior Personality: An International Journal, 41, 3, pp. 421-431, SPORTDiscus with Full Text, EBSCOhost, viewed 13 June 2016 Martin, J 2015, 'Transformational and Transactional Leadership: An Exploration of Gender, Experience, and Institution Type',Portal: Libraries The Academy, 15, 2, pp. 331-351, Library, Information Science Technology Abstracts, EBSCOhost, viewed 13 June 2016 Monzani, L, Ripoll, P, Peir, J 2015, 'The moderator role of followers personality traits in the relations between leadership styles, two types of task performance and work result satisfaction',European Journal Of Work Organizational Psychology, 24, 3, pp. 444-461 Shao, Z 2016, 'Effectiveness of top management support in enterprise systems success: a contingency perspective of fit between leadership style and system life-cycle',European Journal Of Information Systems, 25, 2, pp. 131-153, Business Source Premier, EBSCOhost, viewed 13 June 2016 Solaja, O, Idowu, F, James, A 2016, 'Exploring the relationship between leadership communication style, personality trait and organizational productivity',Serbian Journal Of Management, 11, 1, pp. 99-117, Business Source Premier, EBSCOhost, viewed 13 June 2016 Tristan, E 2016, 'HOW LEADERSHIP STYLES IMPACT EMPLOYEE SAFETY',EHS Today, 9, 5, pp. 24-27, Business Source Premier, EBSCOhost, viewed 13 June 2016. Vrontis, D, Iain, S 2013, The Strategic Positioning of Coca-Cola in theirGlobal Marketing Operation, Market Review Business Journal, Volume 3, pgs 289-309, retrieved from Walker, R, Aritz, J 2015, 'Women Doing Leadership: Leadership Styles and Organizational Culture',International Journal Of Business Communication, 52, 4, pp. 452-478, Business Source Premier, EBSCOhost, viewed 13 June 2016. Zydziunaite, V, Lepaite, D, Suominen, T 2013, 'Leadership styles in ethical dilemmas when head nurses make decisions',International Nursing Review, 60, 2, pp. 228-235, Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost, viewed 13 June 2016.
Saturday, April 11, 2020
The Movie Ã¢â¬Å"SerpicoÃ¢â¬ and Police Corruption Paper The movie, Ã¢â¬Å"SerpicoÃ¢â¬ , (Maas, 1973) was based on a true story about Frank Serpico, a New York police officer who wanted to expose the corruption in law enforcement and went undercover in order to reveal their criminal activity. He is offered a share of the money in which the corrupt officers share and when he refuses to take part in their activity, he is shunned by his fellow officers and they donÃ¢â¬â¢t want to work with him and he remains in danger because he chooses to be honest. Serpico understands that the other officers in his force, are likely to place him in a position that is ultimately, life threatening. Al Pacino plays the role of Frank Serpico, in this movie, who was a real life NYPD detective, (Cannan, 1997) who almost died because of his loyalty to his belief that good cops really do exist. Even when Serpico talks to his superiors in his department, he gets nowhere. Police Commissioner, White acted as if he didnÃ¢â¬â¢t care about SerpicoÃ¢â¬â¢s concerns and ignored his plea for help. We will write a custom essay sample on The Movie Ã¢â¬Å"SerpicoÃ¢â¬ and Police Corruption specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on The Movie Ã¢â¬Å"SerpicoÃ¢â¬ and Police Corruption specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on The Movie Ã¢â¬Å"SerpicoÃ¢â¬ and Police Corruption specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer Serpico was sure that there were as many crooked cops working in New York City, as there were criminals. He remains loyal, throughout the movie, to his strong belief that police officers should be trustworthy, even though it places his own life in imminent danger. When Commissioner White doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t help, Serpico took his plea to a New York Times editor. With the scandal being talked about causes the mayor of New York City to conduct an intense investigation; The Knapp Commission, into Frank SerpicoÃ¢â¬â¢s bold claims. Frank Serpico became a police officer in 1960 when he had faith in law enforcement and thought that criminals were arrested with traditional methods without using excessive force while arresting them. Seeing all the corruption, Serpico wanted to refrain from joining in one the corruption and asks another officer, by the name of Bob Blair, whom he trusts, to help him in his battle against criminal activity within the New York City police force. Eventually, Serpico went to court, in order to expose the corrupt officers who had tried for so long to bring him down. He testified to the fact that he had witnessed the corruption with his own eyes. The definition of corruption is described as Ã¢â¬Å"forbidden acts involving misuse of office for gain.Ã¢â¬ (Trautman, 1997) Author, Jack Gattanella tells us about the movie, Ã¢â¬Å"Serpico. Ã¢â¬Å" He says, Ã¢â¬Å"The real powerhouse performance by Pacino, thirty years down the line, still one of his finest.Ã¢â¬ Al Pacino was perfect for the role of Frank Serpico. Pacino depicted Serpico as an honest and good natured cop who only wanted to do the right thing while exposing those officers who werenÃ¢â¬â¢t. Global standards to combat corruption in police forces and services, (Interpol, 2007) have a duty to ensure honesty and ethical behavior and should use force in normal boundaries, in police departments. Frank Serpico (U.S. News, 2007) states that, Ã¢â¬Å"Frank Serpico, the former New York City cop who became a symbol for police honesty, lashed out at societyÃ¢â¬â¢s leaders.Ã¢â¬ Serpico continues to hold strong to his faith that society can be led by honest individuals who hold police positions. From the very beginning of the story, where Al Pacino is slumped over in his car seat and dripping blood on his car seat, on his way to the hospital to get treatment for his injuries from being shot, the movie is shown as flashbacks in SerpicoÃ¢â¬â¢s mind as he thinks about his days of being an honest cop, until the end of the story where he is testifying against the corrupt officers who tried to kill him. Police corruption still remains in our society as we read in Daniel J. ShanahanÃ¢â¬â¢s book, Ã¢â¬Å"Badges, Bullets and BarsÃ¢â¬ . (Shanahan, 2006) We learn a firsthand account of police disloyalty on the force as Shanahan tells us about some of his own experiences while being a cop. Frank Serpico was very courageous in his fight to show human decency and honesty in this movie. He left behind guidelines for all officers who work in law enforcement and will always be remembered as an early display of the way cops are supposed to perform in their duties. In todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society, there still remains corruption in law enforcement but we still do have loyal officers just like Frank Serpico who are truly dedicated to their careers and work toward upholding the proper standards of the law and not getting involved in pocketing money that doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t belong to them, while performing acts that are of criminal nature. Ã¢â¬Å"SerpicoÃ¢â¬ proved to be both educational and enlightening about the corruption in New York City police forces.
Tuesday, March 10, 2020
Grant Writing Courses You Can Take Online Grant writers connect people and groups seeking funding with funding sources. They work in a wide range of settings including nonprofit organizations, educational institutions, local governments, and businesses. If youre interested in a career in grant writing, consider developing your skills through an online program. Grant writing is the process of completing applications for financial grants, which are non-repayable funds provided by organizations such as government departments, corporations, and foundations. Before choosing an online grant writing program, assess your finances, available time, and career goals. Are you looking to earn a certificate or degree in grant writing as a step towards a future career, or are you mid-career and seeking to improve your grant writing skills? Once youve answered these questions, you can easily determine which program is best for you. Free Online Grant Writing Resources You can find plenty of grant writing tips, general information, and even a few classes online for free. These resources rarely offer official certification, credit, or continuing education units. However, if youre good at independent learning or are simply looking to beef up your existing skills, the following options might work well for you. Coursera Coursera is home to a grant proposal course created by the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology. The course carries a fee if you wish to have graded assignments and earn a course certificate, but you can audit all of the course videos for free. MIT Open CourseWare The Massachusetts Institute of Technology provides a wide range of classes for free through MIT OpenCourseWare. The institutes graduate level Advanced Writing Seminar covers much more than grant writing, but youll find some excellent lessons on grants as well as writing and presentation tips that can improve your grant writing skills. Minnesota Council on Foundations The Minnesota Council on Foundations guide, Writing a Successful Grant Proposal, provides an overview of the key elements of a successful grant application. Nonprofitready.org If youre working for a nonprofit, nonprofitready.org offers two free online courses: Getting Foundation Grants and Grantsmanship Essentials. Youll need to create a free account to take these courses. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency The United States Environmental Protection Agencys EPA Grants 101 Tutorial walks you through four steps of the grant application process. While the tutorial is focused on applying for EPA grants, the advice is useful for many other types of grant proposals. Online Grant Writing Classes You can find many reasonably-priced options for online grant writing courses. Below, youll find some examples of these courses, along with course descriptions and costs. University of Georgia The University of Georgia Center for Continuing Education offers two courses: an introductory-level course called A to Z Grant Writing, and a higher-level course called Advanced Grant Proposal Writing. Each course provides 24 hours of instruction for a cost of $159. The classes are offered on the ed2go.com platform. Udemy Udemy delivers over a dozen courses on different aspects of grant writing. Options range from introductions to the grant writing process to more specialized classes on nonprofits and NIH grants. Courses are broken down into short lectures, and total course time ranges from 45 minutes to 5.5 hours. Each course costs $10.99. University of Wisconsin The University of Wisconsin Milwaukee offers an Introduction to Grant Writing course for $150. The course covers fundraising strategies and explores the six stages of grant writing. The class carries .5 continuing education units. Online Grant Writing Certificate Programs Many colleges offer online grant writing certificate programs. Costs vary, with typical prices ranging from a few hundred dollars to about $1,500. The required time commitment also varies significantly across courses. These large variations in cost and time commitment reveal one of the problems with certificate programs: they tend to not be accredited programs, and some of the certificates merely represent that you paid for a program and made an attempt at completing the instruction modules. When choosing a program, look carefully at the curriculum and the depth of the instruction to ensure that the course is worth the investment. Start your research with this list of examples: University of South Carolina USCs Grant Writing Certificate Program involves thirty hours of classes covering four courses: Introduction to Grant Writing, Needs Based Assessment, Intermediate Grant Writing, and Program Development and Evaluation. Both online and classroom options are available for a fee of $1,322. Arizona State University Arizona State University offers two levels of grant writing certificates: Grant Development- State and Foundation Proposal Certificate for $999; and Advanced Grant Development- Federal Proposal Certificate for $1,175. The courses take six weeks, and students can expect to spend 12 to 15 hours a week on coursework. University of Colorado at Colorado Springs UCCS offers an intensive credit-bearing certificate program, Graduate Certificate in Grant Writing, Management, and Program Evaluation. To apply for the program, students must hold a bachelors degree. Completion of the certificate requires a grade of B- or better in four courses: Evaluation, Grant Writing, Grant Management, and an elective. Both classroom and online options are available. University of Central Florida The University of Central Floridas Division of Continuing Education, in partnership with ed2go, offers a non-credit Certificate in Grant Writing and Nonprofit Management. The program includes four courses: Introduction to Nonprofit Management, Marketing Your Nonprofit, Writing Effective Grant Proposals, and Advanced Grant Proposal Writing. The cost is $465. Fort Hays State University Fort Hays State University offers an Eight-Week University Grant Writing Certification Program for $175. The class meets online for two months. Participants must receive a score of 70% or higher on the final exam to earn a certificate. Southern Methodist University Southern Methodist University offers a Grant Research and Writing Certificate Program through WorldEducation.net. This is a more thorough (and more expensive program) than many others with 150 hours of instruction at a cost of $2,995. To earn a certificate, students must complete five courses: Introduction to Grant Research, Introduction to Grant Writing, Specialized Techniques for Grant Writing, Technical Writing, and Advanced Grant Writing. The program can typically be completed in six months. Online Grant Writing Degree Programs Grant writing is generally not offered as a college major, so you wont find many degree programs focused solely on grant writing. Instead, grant writers tend to major in writing-focused fields such as English, marketing, or communication studies. That coursework is then supplemented with specialized coursework, a certificate program, or internship experience focused on grant writing. One exception, however, is the MA in Grant Writing, Management and Evaluation program offered at Concordia University Chicago. Concordias program takes an multidisciplinary approach to grant writing that includes collaboration with your student cohort and partnering with organizations relevant to your professional goals. The program is 100% online, requires 30 credit hours of coursework, and can be completed in 20 months. The cost is over $13,000, but unlike many graduate programs, financial aid is available.
Sunday, February 23, 2020
Small Business Strategies - Essay Example In recent years, truck foods have tremendously grown. This tremendous resurgence had been fueled various factors including technological advancements in the food production industry, post-recessionary factors among others. Technology has taken part in a significant role in the development of truck food industry. The manufacturers of food production equipment have effectively managed to develop equipment that are effective in terms their mobility, reliability as well as environmental friendliness. In most cases, food truck businesses are sole proprietorship businesses. In this form of business, the business is owned by one person. The most important feature of this form of business and in particular to a truck food business the regulations do not make any peculiarity between the business and the sole proprietor. Virtually, all government regulations that are associated the owner covers the business. Food trucks are a question to the same choice of concern just like other food service business. Most they have a fixed address to receive deliveries of supplies. In other cases, a commercial kitchen may be required for the preparation of food. There are various forms of permits and licenses that may be required for a food truck business to be operational. Additionally, the business may require certification from the public health departments to ensure that the health code is observed. Although the legal requirements and definition for food truck businesses may vary depending on the location some typical elements include business as well as liability insurance, a commercial vehicle operator registration of the truck, a work permit for the area in which the business will be operated, food handler certificate, the necessary driver licenses for the truck driver among other requirements (Weber 139). After acquiring the necessary legal requirements, starting a truck food business is just like any other form of business. Apparently, the